What is DRHP? : Understanding the Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP)

In the world of finance and investments, raising capital is a pivotal process for companies looking to expand their operations, fund new projects, or simply strengthen their financial position. In India, the Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP) plays a critical role in this process, as it is a key document required for companies planning to go public through an Initial Public Offering (IPO). In this blog, we will delve into the details of what a DRHP is, its significance, and the process involved in creating one.

What is a Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP)?

A Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP) is a crucial document that a company must submit to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) when it plans to raise capital from the public by issuing shares through an IPO. It serves as a preliminary offer document, providing potential investors with essential information about the company and its IPO.

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Also Read: When Can a Company Go for IPO in India

Key Elements of a DRHP:

  1. Company Information: The DRHP begins with an introduction to the company, including its history, business operations, and key financial highlights. This section often includes details about the promoters, directors, and other important personnel.
  2. Objects of the Issue: This section outlines the primary purpose for which the company is raising funds through the IPO. It may include funding for expansion, debt repayment, working capital requirements, or other specific projects.
  3. Financial Information: The DRHP provides detailed financial statements, including balance sheets, profit and loss statements, and cash flow statements. These documents offer insights into the company’s financial health and performance over the years.
  4. Risk Factors: Companies are required to disclose potential risks associated with their business and the IPO. These risks can include market-related risks, regulatory challenges, and other factors that may affect the company’s prospects.
  5. Management Discussion and Analysis (MDA): This section offers an analysis of the company’s performance, future outlook, and strategies. It provides a management perspective on the business.
  6. Industry Overview: The DRHP often includes an overview of the industry in which the company operates. This helps investors understand the market dynamics and competition.
  7. Legal and Regulatory Information: Any pending or resolved legal issues, as well as regulatory approvals, are disclosed in this section.
  8. Issue Details: Information regarding the size of the IPO, the number of shares offered, the price band, and the usage of funds is provided in this part of the DRHP.
  9. Promoter and Promoter Group Shareholding: Details of the promoter’s shareholding in the company are specified, along with any proposed changes post-IPO.

Also Read: The IPO Cycle: From Inception to Listing

The Significance of a DRHP:

  1. Investor Information: The DRHP is a critical source of information for potential investors. It allows them to assess the company’s financial health, future prospects, and associated risks before making investment decisions.
  2. Regulatory Compliance: SEBI mandates the submission of a DRHP to ensure that companies planning to go public adhere to regulatory standards. It helps maintain transparency and safeguards investor interests.
  3. Basis for Final Prospectus: After the DRHP is submitted, SEBI reviews the document and provides comments and feedback. The final prospectus, known as the Red Herring Prospectus (RHP), is prepared based on these comments. The RHP is the document that investors receive before subscribing to an IPO.
  4. Marketing Tool: While the DRHP cannot be used for raising capital directly, it serves as a marketing tool to generate interest and attract potential investors. It provides an initial glimpse into the company’s business and financials.

Also Read: Benefits and Risks of Investing in IPOs

The DRHP Filing Process:

  1. Appointment of Intermediaries: Companies planning an IPO usually appoint intermediaries like investment banks, underwriters, and legal advisors to assist in the process.
  2. Due Diligence: The company and its intermediaries conduct thorough due diligence to compile all necessary information and financial data.
  3. Drafting the DRHP: The DRHP is prepared, incorporating all the required information as per SEBI regulations.
  4. SEBI Review: The DRHP is submitted to SEBI for review. SEBI may issue comments and seek clarifications during this phase.
  5. Roadshows and Marketing: Simultaneously, the company and its intermediaries may conduct roadshows to promote the IPO and generate investor interest.
  6. Red Herring Prospectus (RHP): Based on SEBI’s feedback and comments, the final prospectus, known as the RHP, is prepared.
  7. IPO Subscription: The RHP is made available to the public during the IPO subscription period, allowing investors to subscribe to the shares.


The Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP) is an indispensable document in the process of going public through an IPO in India. It provides investors with vital information, ensures regulatory compliance, and serves as a foundation for the final prospectus. Companies, along with their intermediaries, must meticulously prepare and review the DRHP to successfully navigate the complex journey of raising capital from the public and listing on the stock exchange. For investors, understanding and analyzing the DRHP is crucial for making informed investment decisions in the dynamic world of the stock market.


  1. What is a Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP)?

    A DRHP is a preliminary document that companies planning to go public through an Initial Public Offering (IPO) in India must submit to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). It provides essential information about the company’s IPO and operations.

  2. How is a DRHP different from a Red Herring Prospectus (RHP)?

    The DRHP is a draft version of the prospectus submitted to SEBI for initial review and feedback. The RHP is the final prospectus issued to investors during the IPO subscription period, incorporating SEBI’s feedback.

  3. What information does the DRHP include?

    The DRHP typically includes information about the company, its financials, objectives of the IPO, risk factors, industry overview, legal and regulatory details, and more.

  4. Why is the DRHP important for investors?

    The DRHP is vital for investors as it provides them with insights into the company’s financial health, future prospects, and risks associated with the investment. It helps investors make informed decisions.

  5. Who reviews the DRHP, and what is the review process like?

    SEBI reviews the DRHP to ensure regulatory compliance and investor protection. SEBI may issue comments and seek clarifications from the company during the review process.

  6. Can a company raise capital directly from the DRHP?

    No, the DRHP cannot be used for raising capital directly from the public. It serves as a preliminary document for SEBI’s review and is followed by the Red Herring Prospectus (RHP) for the IPO subscription.

  7. What is the role of intermediaries in the DRHP filing process?

    Intermediaries, such as investment banks and legal advisors, assist companies in preparing the DRHP, conducting due diligence, and navigating the regulatory process.

  8. Is it mandatory for companies to file a DRHP before an IPO?

    Yes, it is mandatory for companies in India to file a DRHP with SEBI before conducting an IPO. This ensures transparency and regulatory compliance.

  9. How can investors access the DRHP?

    The DRHP is typically made available to the public on the websites of SEBI, stock exchanges, and the company itself. It can also be obtained from registered intermediaries.

  10. What happens after the DRHP is approved by SEBI?

    After SEBI’s approval, the company prepares the final prospectus known as the Red Herring Prospectus (RHP). The RHP is used for the IPO subscription, and the company can proceed with its IPO plans.

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